Collect the raw material from the goats
Directly from the farmers around Nepal, our suppliers collect the raw material, cashmere wool. The goats are combed and trimmed quickly to reduce stress. The goats do not suffer any mental or physical damage when collecting the wool. Due to climate change, the grass that the goats graze on is not as nutritious as before, which affects the wool fiber. Our supplier and the Nepalese government are working on solutions to improve the quality of the grass.
After collecting the wool, it is tested that the fiber is on average 15.5 microns and 34-36 mm in fiber length. A micron is one millionth of a meter. The smaller the microns the finer the cashmere. Microns over 27 are perceived as stinging and are therefore one of the reasons why cashmere, with its few microns, is such a soft and wonderful material. Given the grass quality that has deteriorated, the industry standard with the number of microns has increased, but our cashmere always lasts around 15.5 microns and 34-36mm in fiber length. The longer the fiber, the finer the cashmere. The most common fiber lengths are usually between 30-40mm.
After the quality assurance, the fiber is spun into yarn and then sent to SGS for the quality certification, which you can read more about here. Then the process begins to make your cashmere that you have around your neck today. Handloom weaving is the oldest method of weaving cashmere, it allows the most delicate fibers to be used as well. Handloom means that the material is hand-woven, even with the help of a handloom machine to be able to weave vertically and then be able to make different patterns, as in our case, diamond.
Some people prefer to have colored or patterned cashmere shawls to be able to style their look in different ways. There are environmentally hazardous and environmentally friendly ways to dye any kind of fabric. All wool is dyed with Huntsman Woolen Dyes, which means that the dye is environmentally friendly and certified. You can read more about it here.
The dyeing method itself is very simple. The cashmere is simply dipped in the color and then becomes a new color. This means that each cashmere shawl is unique as the color can change a little, depending on how long it is, among other things, during the dyeing process.
In some cases, we use screen printing to be able to make beautiful patterns. All color is as usual Huntsman certified. You add the color through nylon and press it against the scarf to create a new pattern.